High-quality health care and low cost of surrogacy has made Ukraine a favorable destination for surrogacy.
The price of commercial surrogacy in Ukraine can be significantly smaller than surrogacy cost in other countries. It is primarily because the cost of living is relatively low and everything from an individual’s medical tests to the surrogate mother fee in Ukraine is smaller than other destinations.
• Surrogacy is completely legal in Ukraine, and only healthy mothers who have had children before can become surrogates. Surrogates in Ukraine have zero parental rights over the child, as stated on Article 123 of the Family Code of Ukraine. Thus, a surrogate cannot refuse to hand the baby over in case she changes her mind after birth. Only married couples can legally go through gestational surrogacy in Ukraine.
• An excerpt from Ukraine legislation (The Family Code of Ukraine, Article 123.2) concerning surrogacy states that “If a human embryo conceived by a couple as a result of the application of assisted reproductive technology is transferred into the body of another woman, the parents of the child are the couple.”
• No adoption is required after the Ukrainian surrogate mother gives birth; the commissioning individual is automatically listed as the parent on the child’s birth certificate.
• Gender selection is legal in Ukraine.
• There are no complicated procedures for bringing the baby home after birth, since all contracts are signed by all parties involved at the start of the process. Often the last procedure of processing the documents only takes a week or two and then the baby can be easily brought home by the new parents.
• Global Surrogacy Limited has a team of Case Managers in Kiev, capital of Ukraine, including local lawyers and psychologist, with more than 10 years experience in surrogacy and international adoption process.
Surrogacy and its attendant legal issues fall under state jurisdiction and the legal situation for surrogacy varies greatly from state to state. Some states have written legislation, while others have developed common law regimes for dealing with surrogacy issues. Some states facilitate surrogacy and surrogacy contracts, others simply refuse to enforce them, and some penalize commercial surrogacy. Surrogacy friendly states tend to enforce both commercial and altruistic surrogacy contracts and facilitate straightforward ways for the intended parents to be recognized as the child’s legal parents. Some relatively surrogacy friendly states only offer support for married heterosexual couples. Generally, only gestational surrogacy is supported and traditional surrogacy finds little to no legal support.
States generally considered to be surrogacy friendly include California, Illinois, Arkansas,and Maryland among others.
For legal purposes, what matters is where the contract is completed, where the surrogate mother resides, and where the birth takes place. Therefore, individuals living in a non-friendly state can still benefit from the polices of surrogacy friendly states by working with a surrogate who lives and will give birth in a friendly state.
Arkansas was one of the first states to enact surrogacy friendly laws. In 1989, under then Governor Bill Clinton, it passed Act 647, which states that in a surrogacy arrangement, the biological father and his wife will be recognized as the child’s legal parents from birth, even if his wife is not genetically related to the child (i.e., in a traditional surrogacy arrangement). If he is unmarried, he alone will be recognized as the legal parent. A woman may also be recognized as the legal mother of the surrogate birth mother’s genetic child as long as that child was conceived with anonymous donor sperm. On the other hand, it is unclear how or whether same sex couples could benefit these laws, since the 2008 ballot measure that made it illegal for unmarried, cohabiting individuals to adopt or provide foster care to minors.
California is known to be a surrogacy friendly state. It permits commercial surrogacy, regularly enforces gestational surrogacy contracts, and makes it possible for all intended parents, regardless of marital status or sexual orientation, to establish their legal parentage prior to the birth and without adoption proceedings (pre-birth orders)
Michigan forbids absolutely all surrogacy agreements. It is a felony to enter into such an agreement, punishable by a fine of up to $50,000 and up to five years in prison. The law makes surrogacy agreements unenforceable.
New York law holds that commercial surrogacy contracts contravene public policy and provides for civil penalties for those who participate in or facilitate a commercial surrogacy contract in New York. Altruistic surrogacy contracts are not penalized, but neither are they enforced. New York does recognize pre-birth orders from other states, and has provided a post-birth adoption alternative for altruistic surrogate parents via orders of maternal and paternal filiation
Surrogacy is legal in Canada, however, compensated or commercial (for fee/profit) surrogacy is now prohibited. Under the Assisted Human Reproduction Act passed in 2004, a surrogate mother may only be reimbursed for out of pocket expenses. Although compensated or commercial surrogacy is common throughout the US, a surrogate mother in Canada cannot receive any sort of wage or fee for carrying a child. This form of surrogacy is called “altruistic surrogacy”.
The Assisted Human Reproduction Act (the “AHRA”) prohibits several surrogacy related activities. Surrogacy itself is not banned, but payment of consideration or the offer of payment to a surrogate is a prohibited act. Pursuant to Section 12 (which has not yet been proclaimed), all of the surrogate’s reasonable, out of pocket expenses may be reimbursed to her. At some point, the Federal Government will proclaim regulations to this section which may limit or otherwise regulate the types of expenses which may be reimbursed, but until that date, all expenses may be reimbursed provided that they are reasonable and related to the surrogacy.
In the absence of a provincial statutory framework clarifying parentage, the possibility always exists that a gestational surrogate will make a claim for parental rights which may include custody or access. In order to show evidence of pre-conception intent, many intended parents enter into agreements which make the intention of all parties clear. Most clinics both in Canada and in the United States require that surrogacy contracts be completed before the embryo transfer. US case law has placed great emphasis on enforcement of the pre-conception intention of all parties, as evidenced by an agreement.
Through the hard work of a few individuals, surrogacy for gay couples in Ontario has become ordinary and commonplace.
Lesbian couples often turn to known sperm donation in order to conceive their children. Although sperm donor agreements may not be enforceable with respect to custody, all parental rights should be negotiated and documented in advance. At the very least, lesbian couples should consult with a lawyer in order to learn how to maximize the chances that the parties intention with respect to parentage, custody, information and access becomes reality.
“Inter-spousal donations” are less common, but sometimes one of the lesbian partners will carry a child that is genetically linked to her partner. IVF is necessary to achieve this result. Many IVF clinics will treat the situation as an ovum donation or as a surrogacy, but both approaches are inappropriate. If you are contemplating this procedure, ensure that the medical consents are clear and accurate. In the event of a breakdown of the relationship and a custody dispute, inappropriate medical consents can later be used in court as evidence of intention. Insist on accurate documents.
In Ontario, the post-birth process for LGBTQ surrogacy clients is exactly the same as for the heterosexual community. As birth registration is governed at a provincial level, please consult with a lawyer to review the particulars of your arrangement.
Currently, Surrogacy in Mexico is legal only in the State of Tabasco according to 92nd Article of Tabasco Civil Code” “In the case of children born as the result of the participation of a Gestational Substitute Mother, parenthood will be presumed by the contracting parent when she/he registers the child birth, since this action Implies the acceptance of the parenthood.
The State of Tabasco offers permissible options for those who have always dreamed of having a family.
The State of Tabasco has provisions in place to allow a surrogate to reside in and carry a pregnancy to term for a deserving couple.
Across the globe, gender selection is widely excluded, but Mexico is a prized exception. Gender Selection is legal and is the new spectacle of ‘fertility tourism.’
In many places around the globe including Australia, IVF clinics discontinued PGD sex selection programs. Many patients now travel to Mexico for sex selection procedures and are embraced by safe and world-class laboratory settings.
What is Gender Selection?
Scientific developments have led to an improved understanding of genetic disease, meaning couples carrying certain genetic markers are increasingly seeking gender selection to avoid passing on sex-linked genetic disorders to their children. But the newest and most rapidly evolving trend in Mexico involves the evolution of reproductive medicine to conceive a child of the desired gender.
Gender selection is attracting couples to Mexico in record numbers. Under the high-tech methods for gender selection in Mexico concerning scientific evidence are ― PGD and MicroSort.
IVF with gender selection in Mexico has been growing in attractiveness due to the accurateness and safety of treatment.
The cost of IVF gender selection in Mexico is a subsidizing factor to the overwhelming achievement and world-class reputation of the treatment. A large number of IVF clinics in Mexico offer low payment options for gender selection procedures to accommodate your finances.
A Good Candidate for Gender Selection
A number of reasons prompt couples to partake in gender selection for family balancing purposes.
Good candidates for Gender Selection in Mexico are couples with present genetic disorders, and women over the age of 35 (specifically for PGD because they carry an increased risk of producing eggs with an abnormal chromosome number).
Gender Selection Methods
There are two methods available for the IVF and Gender Selection: Microsort and Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD).
Microsort is employed in combination with several IVF treatments such as IUI and ICSI.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) has higher success rates in Mexico and is commonly used to determine genetic diseases. The embryos are screened for X and Y Chromosomes and only those of the desired gender are implanted.
Surrogacy is completely legal and highly regulated in the state of Tabasco. It is one of the few jurisdictions in the world with legal protection for intended parents, and the law makes no distinction based on sexual orientation or marital status. Intended parents will have full legal rights to the child born of a surrogate mother; she will have no legal rights at any point to the child, and she will not appear on the birth certificate. This is explicitly stated in multiple articles in the Tabasco civil code.
Tabasco law draws a distinction between the concepts of “traditional surrogacy” and “gestational surrogacy.” With a “traditional surrogate,” the surrogate mother uses her own eggs, but a “gestational surrogate” only carries the baby and has no genetic link to the child. Although both are widely regulated in the state of Tabasco, we only perform the second variety.
Global Surrogacy Thailand provides Intended Parents wishing to use a Gestational Surrogate with a professional, caring and ethical service. Our Case Manager in Thailand assisted many couples and singles achieve their dream of having a family of their own. There is no discrimination in Thailand so our service is available to everyone including de facto and gay couples and singles.
Our Medical and Gestational Surrogacy support teams work closely together to ensure that you and your surrogate receive prompt, individualized and compassionate attention and a level of medical care that meets all international standards.
Our Surrogacy Support Team are the most experienced in Thailand and our Gestational Surrogacy Program is ethically sound. An important consideration to keep in mind is that all our key personnel are Directors, or Partners. This means that you do not have to be concerned that support staff will change jobs midway in your Surrogate’s pregnancy. This is an important consideration and ensures that crucial support, progress reporting and the medical care of your Surrogate is never compromised. We will be there to assist you from the beginning of your journey to the day you hold your beautiful new baby in your arms.
In most cases, couples and singles who choose Gestational Surrogacy have already exhausted all other methods of having a baby. If you still have viable eggs, but are unable to carry a pregnancy, your eggs can be developed using IVF; and ICSI used to fertilize them with your partner’s sperm. Your embryos are then transferred to one of our carefully selected Surrogates.
If you have no viable eggs of your own, or are a single or same sex couple you can choose to use donor eggs obtained from a Caucasian or Thai Egg Donor, which are then fertilized and the embryos cultured by our Fertility Center’s embryology laboratory and transferred to your Surrogate.
If you are a Married, De Facto or Gay couple you automatically qualify for our program. If you are Single we might ask you to speak with us via Skype in an informal interview.
Our Surrogacy program has a very high success rate thanks to a careful assessment of potential Surrogates. Our clinic also has an excellent reputation for providing quality medical care and support to Surrogates. All potential Surrogates undergo an intensive screening process, which commences with a very detailed questionnaire, the initial screening phase of the application. A senior member of our medical team then interviews them. This is followed by a medical examination including testing for infectious diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis B & C, and evidence of drug abuse. Only once a candidate has cleared all of these steps is she considered a potential Surrogate.
All Surrogates are single, aged under 38 and have had a previous successful pregnancy.
You will be provided with important details of your Surrogate’s medical, genetic and family history, her social and educational background, her motivations to become a Surrogate and a recent photo. Surrogates and recipients are required to sign a Gestational Surrogacy Agreement, which guarantees the respective rights of both parties.
The process for Surrogacy using your own eggs is very easy and straight forward and is the same as normal IVF only your cycle will be coordinated with your surrogate and the resultant embryos transferred to her. You can also have your IVF cycle in your home country and bring or ship your frozen embryos to our clinic. This is especially popular with Australian parents.
If you do not have any viable eggs or are interested in Gay Surrogacy you can use the services of a Thai egg donor or Caucasian egg donor. Our medical team coordinates your Surrogate’s cycle with that of your donor to obtain a fresh or frozen embryo transfer.
If you would like to receive our comprehensive Gestational Surrogacy Information Package
Are you considering IVF in the Czech Republic? There are over 30 fertility clinics in the Czech Republic. The standard of fertility treatment is excellent and the clinics are well regulated. At least 3 or 4 IVF clinics have opened up since 2011 because of the demand for low cost treatment. Prague and Brno are popular destinations for IVF treatment, but there are also centres in other cities which offer low cost treatment options e.g. Zlin, Olomouc and Kostelec nad Orlici. If you are considering IVF in the Czech Republic then this overview may help you.
IVF and Egg Donation Success Rates in Czech Republic
IVF and egg donation success rates are important considerations for a many people when it comes to choosing a clinic. Fertility clinics in the Czech Republic have to submit their results to a national register. This data is not published, unfortunately, although summary figures for the Czech Republic are reported by the European Society Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE).
The success rates are very good, especially for egg donation. However, it is worth bearing in mind, that alongside high success rates there may be a high multiple birth rate, or the clinic may be transferring a greater number of embryos in each procedure than other clinics. We have found out both the success rates and the average number of embryos being transferred at each clinic to help you with your decision. Find out more about individual IVF clinic success rates in fertility clinics in the Czech Republic.
IVF and Egg Donation Costs in the Czech Republic
IVF clinics in the Czech Republic offer a whole range of treatments at very reasonable costs. You can save a great deal of money without compromising quality or safety. As you know, understanding exactly how much a treatment will cost can be quite a challenge.
Each clinic operates slightly differently depending on their experience and successes, therefore costs do vary. But in general the Czech Republic is known for being a very cost-effective place to go for IVF treatment and certainly cheaper than the UK in most cases.
IVF prices can start as low as 2500 Euros and egg donation from 3800 Euros. Medication can be bought from the clinics which sometimes have a pharmacy, or online too. You can read more aboutIVF costs in Europe where we compare the costs of certain treatments.
You can also use our IVF Cost Calculator to help you work out the cost at each preferred clinic. We have outlined the price of certain treatments at each of the featured IVF clinics.
If you are considering IVF Czech Republic then you will find top class IVF clinics in Prague, Brno, Zlin or Olomouc. It is worth considering alllocations for IVF treatment in the Czech Republic. IVF costs are not the same throughout the whole country.
Safety and Quality in IVF Clinics in the Czech Republic
Safety and quality in IVF clinics is a concern for many people travelling abroad for treatment. This can be a reason why some choose not to travel. However, IVF clinics in the Czech Republic are well regulated and closely monitored. Following the establishment of the European Union Directive 2004/23/EC for Tissues and Cells, Czech national legislation was amended so that all IVF clinics require a valid licence to operate. This licence is granted by SUKL (translated as the State Institute for Drug Control) which has a duty to inspect the IVF clinics at least every two years.
The possession of this license means that the clinic complies with the legislation in relation to the following:
• organisation and management
• critical materials
• written procedures and documentation
• quality system and quality management
• assessment of donors
• storage system of reproductive cells
• system of notification of serious adverse reactions etc.
The existence of this licencing regime means that you should be confident that there will be no sloppy handling of material. A report is generated on an annual basis which some clinics publish on their website. These reports are not particularly easy to read and understand, but they do record exactly what is happening with respect to cells used within an IVF clinic.
Some IVF clinics advertise that they have ISO accreditation. Learn more about what ISO accreditation means.
IVF Laws in Czech Republic
• The Czech Republic’s legislation on fertility treatment is quite liberal compared to other countries in Europe, but none-the-less, there are some restrictions.
An “infertile couple” is classed as a man and woman who live together intimately. Therefore the Czech Republic does not legally offer treatment to single women or same sex couples.
• Surrogacy is not illegal in the Czech Republic but there are no specific laws which protect the childless couple in the event that there are problems.
• The maximum age for a recipient in egg donation is 49 years.
For more information visit the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology – ESHRE – website page covering legislation in the Czech Republic.
• Current laws decree that the woman who gives birth to a child is legally the mother. Therefore, in the case of egg donation, the recipient who carries the child and gives birth is lawfully the child’s mother.
• Under current laws the donation of cells (eggs and sperm) must be voluntary and anonymous for both donor and recipient. The clinic is required to keep the medical records of donors for 30 years to safeguard all parties, and can be subject to state inspection to ensure practitioner compliance.
• IVF techniques cannot be used to choose a future child’s sex, with the exception of cases where it may be used to prevent serious genetic diseases at the recommendation of the doctor. These cases include diseases which a) are incompatible with the postnatal development of a child, b) significantly shorten the life, c) cause early disablement or other serious health consequences, or d) are untreatable given our present level of knowledge.